International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research

Print ISSN: 2394-6369

Online ISSN: 2394-6377

CODEN : IJCBK6

International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research (IJCBR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the  Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing more...


Article type

Original Article


Article page

501-504


Authors Details

Shadab S Rangrez, Chetana P. Hadimani*, Ashwin S. Patil


Article Metrics


View Article As

 


Downlaod Files

   






Article statistics

Viewed: 1262

PDF Downloaded: 471


Prevalence of osteoporosis, serum vitamin D and serum calcium deficiency cases among women: A hospital based retrospective study


Original Article

Author Details : Shadab S Rangrez, Chetana P. Hadimani*, Ashwin S. Patil

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 501-504

https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-6377.2018.0106



Suggest article by email


Abstract

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a disorder of the bones characterized by low bone mass.One out of three women in India suffers from osteoporosis. Vitamin D deficiency prevails as an epidemic in India and a formidable issue. The present study was done to estimate prevalence of osteoporosis rates among women and correlation of BMD with serum vitamin D and calcium levels.
Materials and Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted on162 women who attended orthopedic OPD at KLE’s hospital, Belagavi.Cases were evaluated for serum 25 (OH) vitamin D, serum calcium and bone mineral density by DEXA (Lumbar spine) scan.Data analyzed by SPSS version 20.
Results: Results of our study showed 54.3% of women were osteoporotic, 26.5% were osteopenic and 19.1% were having a normal BMD. The highest hypovitaminosis D was seen in 60 above age group. There was a significant and positive correlation between BMD scores with vitamin D (r=0.6644, p=0.0001) and calcium (r=0.5974, p=0.0001)at 5% level was observed. A statistically significant association was found between age group and BMD (chi-square=14.9597, p=0.0004), and serum vitamin D status in women (chi-square=11.8052, p=0.0189). Further, multiple linear regression analysis indicated, the influence of vitamin D and calcium on BMD is positive and significant (t=35.2502, p=0.0001).
Conclusion: Serum vitamin D and calcium were the significant predictors of BMD in women. It was compelling to observe age was an important factor for high prevalence of low BMD.Hence, prevention and early detection of hypovitaminosis D and hypocalcemia is the key to reduce the incidence of osteoporosis among women.

Keywords: Bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, 25 hydroxy vitamin D, Hypocalcemia, DEXA scan.


How to cite : Rangrez S S, Hadimani C P, Patil A S, Prevalence of osteoporosis, serum vitamin D and serum calcium deficiency cases among women: A hospital based retrospective study. Int J Clin Biochem Res 2018;5(4):501-504

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Int J Clin Biochem Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







Wiki in hindi