International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research

Print ISSN: 2394-6369

Online ISSN: 2394-6377

CODEN : IJCBK6

International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research (IJCBR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the  Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing more...


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89-96


Authors Details

Rajarshi Kar, Seema Garg, Sumita Halder, Vikas Galav, Nilesh Chandra, Mohit Mehndiratta


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CADMIUM EXPOSURE INDUCES OXIDATIVE STRESS BY DECREASING EXPRESSION OF ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES IN MICE LIVER


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Author Details : Rajarshi Kar, Seema Garg, Sumita Halder, Vikas Galav, Nilesh Chandra, Mohit Mehndiratta

Volume : 2, Issue : 2, Year : 2015

Article Page : 89-96


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Abstract

Purpose: Heavy metals are known to generate oxidative stress which is the root cause for all health hazards. However the mechanism by which heavy metals generate oxidative stress is not yet fully understood. Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal and its deleterious effect is due to oxidative damage to macromolecules. This study intended to elucidate the mechanism of its toxicity.

Methodology: Swiss albino mice were administered cadmium for three weeks intraperitoneally. The total antioxidant status and MDA levels were measured. The enzyme activity of Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and catalase was measured spectrophotometrically using kinetic methods. Their mRNA expression was analysed by real time PCR.
Results: There was a significant decrease in total antioxidant levels and increase in lipid peroxidation in mice treated with cadmium in comparison to controls. Cadmium decreased both enzyme activity and gene expression of GST and Catalase.
Conclusion: This study shows that cadmium generates oxidative stress by affecting the transcription of antioxidant genes, GST and Catalase.

Keywords: Cadmium; GST; Catalase; Gene expression


How to cite : Kar R, Garg S, Halder S, Galav V, Chandra N, Mehndiratta M, CADMIUM EXPOSURE INDUCES OXIDATIVE STRESS BY DECREASING EXPRESSION OF ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES IN MICE LIVER. Int J Clin Biochem Res 2015;2(2):89-96

Copyright © 2015 by author(s) and Int J Clin Biochem Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)